Diabetes is a serious chronic health condition that leads to an elevated blood sugar (glucose) level due to the inability of the hormone insulin to perform it’s function properly.
As sugar is effectively a poison when in the bloodstream, it is vital that people diagnosed with diabetes do all they can to maintain their blood glucose levels to a safe range.
There are three forms of diabetes;
1) Type I Diabetes Mellitus
2) Type II Diabetes Mellitus
3) Gestational Diabetes
The severity of diabetes and the urgent need to change your lifestyle (diet, exercise levels, stresses etc) is often neglected by patients and serious diabetic complications can occur quickly.
More information on the different forms of diabetes, the causes, symptoms and how to manage your diabetes can be found here: http://www.diabetesaustralia.com.au/
Diabetic Foot Complications can include:
* Peripheral Neuropathy (decreased sensation, pain, tingling, pins and needles etc)
* Fragile skin and nails
* Peripheral Vascular Disease (poor arterial blood supply)
* Increased healing time
* Increased likelihood of infection
* Gangrene (tissue dying and needing to be amputated)
* Frequent cramping at night time
* Sclerotic arteries
Diabetes can lead to a number of issues within the feet, so it is imperative that people with diabetes present to their podiatrist annually for a Diabetes Foot Assessment.
A Diabetes Foot Assessment will include:
* Checking the overall health of your arterial blood supply (blood flow to the feet)
* Testing your neurological status (nerves)
* Recognising any venous inefficiencies (blood supply away from the feet, back up to the heart)
* Provide expert footwear advice
* Provide education on how to lower your blood glucose levels, care for your feet and improve your overall lifestyle
The results from your assessment will be recorded in a full medical report and sent to your GP, Diabetes Educator and any other specialist you request for them to be sent to.