RED-S refers to the Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport and it needs urgent treatment if recognised. It can have potentially harmful effects to short and long term health, as well as contribute to poor performances in sport.
Essentially, this refers to an athlete having an insufficient caloric intake and/or a high energy expenditure, which results in LOW ENERGY AVAILABILITY for the body. Low Energy Availability is where the individual’s dietary intake is insufficient to support the energy expenditure required for normal health, normal daily function and healthy body systems.
WHAT ARE THE DANGERS OF LOW ENERGY AVAILABILITY?
The longer an athlete goes with low energy availability, the worse the impact it is likely to have on their long term health.
If you spend time with lots of endurance sport athletes, it is highly likely you are aware of someone who has RED-S as it is very common.
Typically, these athletes are often injured (with both short and long term issues), train excessively hard all the time, don’t eat enough food, have a number of health issues and are commonly sick.
Some common side effects of this condition, for both sexes, include;
Some changes that may hit home more:
Some health risks associated with female athletes include:
Some health risks associated with male athletes includes:
-Decrease in testosterone
-Decreased sex drive
-Decrease in muscle mass
-Increased body fat
-Increased inflammatory markers
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